What is Lump Removal?

Lump removal is also commonly referred to as a biopsy, which is a test that involves removing cells or tissue for medical examination to look for disease or determine the extent of the problem. After tissue is removed, it is placed under a microscope for chemical analysis. If an entire lump is removed, the procedure is referred to as an excisional biopsy. If only a small sample is removed in a way that preserves the architecture of the cells, it’s known as an incisional or core biopsy. Sometimes fluid or tissue may be removed in a manner that does not leave the histological architecture intact during a procedure known as needle aspiration biopsy.

Excisional Biopsies

These biopsies require the removal of an entire lump or tumor from the body. This method is often the best way to diagnosis small melanomas as it may be done using a narrow margin to ensure the deepest part of the melanoma is excised for prognosis. When melanomas are very large or on the face, the doctor may opt for a number of small punch biopsies before moving to a large excision, as this method may be a better diagnostic tool. Once small punch biopsies are complete, the doctor may decide if a larger excision is necessary.