The shoulder joint is comprised of bone, muscle, ligament and tissue, all of which must be in harmony to proper functioning. Shoulder joints can develop a number of issues, particularly after an injury or overuse. One of the most commonly seen shoulder injuries is known as a Bankart lesion.
What is a Bankart Lesion?

To properly explain this injury, we’ll first discuss the basic anatomy of the shoulder joint. The main joint is called the glenohumeral joint, located near the upper bone of your arm (or humerus) which attaches to the scapula. The socket that joins the scapula to the humerus is called the glenoid fossa, which as a strip of cartilage referred to as labrum. The labrum cartilage serves a very important purpose as it deepens this small socket for better arm motion.

A Bankart lesion occurs when the labrum pulls away from the glenoid fossa socket, often after the glenohumeral joint is dislocated. Bankart lesions cause many problems, although the most common is recurring shoulder dislocations that may cause serious damage to other parts of the shoulder.

Bankart Lesion Repair

Surgery is often recommended for patients who suffer from repeated dislocations to prevent future injury and pain. Bankart lesion repair involves reconnecting the ripped portion of the labrum and reconnecting it to the glenoid fossa soket, along with repairing any damage to the joint itself to prevent further injury.

Rehabilitation from Bankart Lesion Repair

Fortunately, rehabilitation after surgery begins right away and passive range of motion is typically restored in a matter of days. Patients must continue to receive counseling to determine appropriate activities and movements to restore full range of motion.

The first six weeks post-surgery are focused on restoring range of motion, along with protecting the repair work performed. Strength will continue to improve and pain should lessen after the first four to six weeks. After six weeks, rehabilitation will turn to improving shouder strength and restoring the functional level of the shoulder joint.

With proper rehabilitation, patients are expected to return to full range of motion and activity level as before the shoulder injury without risking further joint dislocation.


Arthroscopic Bankart Lesion Repair